“Control theory is akin to the cybernetics approach, popularized by Norbert Weiner in the 1940s, which is perhaps more well-known in the social sciences. Cybernetics has a long—though often unrecognized—history in the study of political systems. For example, the etymology of the English word governor illustrates this fundamental connection: Greek kybernare – Latin gubernare – English to govern.
As far back as ancient Greece, politics and governance have been associated with purposive control. Plato and Aristotle both referred to the kybernetike tekhne, as the technical art of steersmanship, in comparing the governing of a community to the piloting of a ship. In an essay published in 1834, noted French scientist Andre-Marie Ampere first suggested that the proper name for the scientific study of politics is cybernetique, more than a century before Norbert Weiner ‘coined’ the term cybernetics to describe the general study of feedback control processes.”
relating to ships, sailing, or sailors